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Free Software

“Free” software “is software that can be used, studied, and modified,” copied, changed with little or no restriction, and which can be copied and redistributed in modified or unmodified form. Free software is available gratis (free of charge) in most cases. “In practice, for software to be distributed as free software, the human-readable form of the program (the source code) must be made available” along “ with a notice granting the” user permission to further adapt the code and continue its redistribution for free. This notice either grants a “free software license”, or releases the source code into the public domain.

Open-Source Software

In the beginning, all software was free in the 1960s, when IBM and others sold the first large-scale computers, these machines came with software which was free. This software could be freely shared among users, The software came written in a programming language (source code available), and it could be improved and modified. Manufacturers were happy that people were writing software that made their machines useful. Then proprietary software dominated the software landscape as manufacturers removed access to the source code. IBM and others realized that most users couldn’t or didn’t want to “fix” their own software and There was money to be made in leasing or licensing software. By the mid-1970s almost all software was proprietary “Proprietary software is software that is owned by an individual or a company (usually the one that developed it). There are almost always major restrictions on its use, and its source code is almost always kept secret.” users were not allowed to redistribute it, source code is not available users cannot modify the programs. Software is an additional product that was for sale In 1980 US copyright law was modified to include software In late 1970s and early 1980s, two different groups started what became known as the open-source software movement: East coast, Richard Stallman (1985), formerly a programmer at the MIT AI Lab, launched the GNU Project and the Free Software Foundation. “to satisfy the need for and give the benefit of ‘software freedom’ to computer users ultimate goal of the GNU Project was to build a free operating system the GNU General Public License (GPL) was designed to ensure that the software produced by GNU will remain free, and to promote the production of more and more free software.

I was thinking to note down my thoughts so that I can share my experience. So here it is, about how I joined 'dgplug' and get to know about Open-Source.

During my B.Tech 3rd semester somehow I got to know about the word 'Open-Source'. After a year when I was a fifth semester student, I met 'Ratnadeep(rtnpro)' in a tech-talk at my college,talk was over Open-Source , Its opportunities and freedom.Open Source culture was a myth in my college, very few people knew about Open-Source and its freedom of learning. In my batch, hardly fifty percent people know about Open-Source and Communities. During the talk 'Ratnadeep debnath(rtnpro)' mentioned about 'dgplug' summer training program and also told about 'Kushal das(kushal)' and other 'dgplug' operators, in those days I was learning python so after the talk a name was coming again and again in my mind that was 'Kushal das(kushal)', there were many questions and doubts were in my mind e.g. how to start, where to start then I decided to ping 'Ratnadeep debnath(rtnpro)' and he helped me a lot. I was a hindi background student till my 12th standard so I was a little bit shy to talk ans also I was a window user in those days then 'Ratnadeep debnath(rtnpro)' suggested me to shift over fedora, and also suggest to join IRC to get enrolled in 'dgplug' where masterminds like Kushal, Ratnadeep(rtnpro), Sayan, Chandan , Jasonbraganza were there. Summer training program had been started 15 days before i joined. 'Kushal das' suggested me to go through the logs, I did that. Kushal das(kushal) provided his book for python named 'Python you and me', book helped me a lot to understand python with a decent practice. https://pymbook.readthedocs.io/en/latest/ I started digging more about Open-Source and i got my interests in it. At the beginning, after trying on my own, I lost hope because I was struggling to learn to contribute and thought that it's impossible ,I started staying on 'dgplug' after sessions and listened to people what they are taking and used to ask questions frequently whenever doubt appeared in my mind as time passed thing became easier, it's just start for me many thing to go. Jasonbraganza's sessions over reading and writing importance was amazing and encouraged me and many more to write, I am very much thankful to him for his kind help. That's how it all started for me.